Understanding the Different Types of Legal Systems Around the World

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The world is a big place, and the way people live in different countries varies greatly. The same goes for the legal systems of these nations. Say’s Wade Kricken , since legal systems can have such an impact on the lives of citizens, it’s important to understand what they are and how they work. Here we will discuss some common types of legal systems around the world:

Common Law

Common law is the legal system that developed in England in the 12th century and spread to other countries. Common law is based on court decisions and customs that have been established over time, rather than written rules. As such, it’s a very flexible system that can be adapted to fit different situations.

Common law countries include:

  • Australia
  • Canada (except Quebec)
  • Hong Kong SAR, China
  • Ireland

The main features of common law are:

  • Judges base their decisions on previous cases instead of following strict rules set out by Parliament or Congress (as they do in civil law systems). This means that judges have more power than other types of lawmakers because they can change how things work by interpreting old laws differently. For example if your car hits someone else’s car then under common law you would only be responsible if there were signs warning drivers not drive too fast around this corner; whereas under civil law systems you would still be held responsible even though there were no signs telling people not go fast because according this type legislation was written down beforehand!

Civil Law

Civil Law

Civil law is based on written codes, which are created and amended by legislators. This system is used in most of Europe and in the former French colonies, as well as parts of Africa and Asia.

Continental or Civil Law

Continental or Civil law is a term used to describe legal systems that originated in Europe. The main feature of these systems is that they are based on Roman law and written codes of laws, as opposed to common law which relies on judicial decisions and precedent.

Mixed Legal System

A mixed legal system is a combination of common law and civil law. In the United States, Canada, India and South Africa–all countries with a mixed legal system–the two systems are inextricably intertwined. The civil tradition has its roots in Roman law; however it’s been influenced by English common law as well as American colonial history. This means that some aspects of our legal system are based on precedent set by previous court cases (common-law), while others derive from statutes written by legislators (civil).

There are many different types of legal systems that can be found around the world.

There are many different types of legal systems that can be found around the world. What exactly is a legal system? A legal system is a set of rules that governs how people should behave in society and how they will be punished if they don’t follow those rules. The punishment could be anything from paying money to being sent to jail, depending on what crime has been committed.


In summary, we have seen that there are many different types of legal systems around the world. The most common ones are Common Law and Civil Law systems, but there are also Continental or Civil Law systems and Mixed Legal Systems.

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